Chlamydia Symptoms And Causes

Posted on: May 3, 2011

Chlamydia symptoms may or may not be seen in an individual that has contracted this very common Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD). If symptoms are present, both men and women may experience burning during urination, a discharge from the penis or vagina or pain. This article provides a concise look at this bacterial disease and what you can expect if you have a chlamydia infection.

Chlamydia Symptoms And Causes

Symptoms of a chlamydia infection will not be  Signs of Chlamydia present in 25 to 30 percent of men and women with the disease. If symptoms are present they will be different for men and women.

Symptoms in men may include:

  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Discharge from the penis
  • Tenderness or pain noted in the testicles
  • Rectal pain or discharge

Symptoms in women may include:

  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Discharge from the vagina
  • Painful sexual intercourse
  • Rectal pain or discharge

Chlamydia infection is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. This is a very common sexually transmitted disease and those who are sexually active or who have multiple sexual partners are at the greatest risk. Signs of chlamydia in women Infants may become infected (rare) when passing through the birth canal of an infected mother. This may lead to the development of chlamydia-related conjunctivitis (eye infection) and pneumonia (chlamydial pneumonia)

Chlamydia Diagnosis And Treatment

The initial diagnosis will be based on the above mentioned symptoms if they are present. To more fully form a diagnosis, analysis or culture of any discharge or secretions will be necessary.

Treatment typically involves the prescription of antibiotics (i.e. tetracyclines, azithromycin, or erythromycin) to fight the infection. A follow-up evaluation may be performed in approximately 4 weeks to determine if the infection has been cured. The infected person is asked to inform other sexual partners of their condition so they may be tested and to prevent the spread of the disease.

With early antibiotic treatment, a man or woman can expect good results and the avoidance of any long-term health complications. However, if the infection is not treated properly or treatment is delayed, additional inflammation can occur. In a woman, untreated chlamydia may lead to infection of the uterus or fallopian tubes causing Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), which could lead to infertility or a heightened risk of ectopic pregnancy.

All sexually active individuals should practice safe sex to prevent chlamydia infection. The proper use of condoms can prevent the spread of the disease and staying in a mutually monogamous sexual relationship where both partners are uninfected will allow the couple to avoid infection. Women up to age 25 should be screened yearly for chlamydia infection.